Java and the World Wide Web : A significant advance in Web technology was Sun Microsystems' Java platform. It enables Web pages to embed small programs (called applets) directly into the view. These applets run on the end-user's computer, providing a richer user interface than simple Web pages. Java client-side applets never gained the popularity that Sun had hoped for a variety of reasons, including lack of integration with other content (applets were confined to small boxes within the rendered page) and the fact that many computers at the time were supplied to end users without a suitably installed Java Virtual Machine, and so required a download by the user before applets would appear. Adobe Flash now performs many of the functions that were originally envisioned for Java applets, including the playing of video content, animation, and some rich UI features. Java itself has become more widely used as a platform and language for server-side and other programming.



History : In June of 1994, Bill Joy started the "Liveoak" project with the stated objective of building a "big small operating" system. In July of 1994, the project "clicked" into place. Naughton gets the idea of putting "Liveoak" to work on the Internet while he was playing with writing a web browser over a long weekend. Just the kind of thing you'd want to do with your weekend! This was the turning point for JavaThe world wide web, by nature, had requirements such as reliability, security, and architecture independence which were fully compatible with Java's design parameters. A perfect match had been found. By September of 1994, Naughton and Jonathan Payne (a Sun engineer) start writing "WebRunner," a Java-based web browser which was later renamed "HotJava." By October 1994, HotJava is stable and demonstrated to Sun executives. This time, Java's potential, in the context of the world wide web, is recognized and the project is supported. Although designed with a different objective in mind, Java found a perfect match in the World Wide Web. Many of Java's original design criteria such as platform independence, security, and reliability were directly applicable to the World Wide Web as well. Introduction of Java marked a new era in the history of the web. Information provides were now given the capability to not only deliver raw data, but also the applications that would operate on the data. 

Sun formally announced Java and HotJava at SunWorld `95. Soon after, Netscape Inc. announced that it would incorporate Java support in their browser. This was a great triumph for Java since it was now supported by the most popular browser in the world. Later, Microsoft also announced that they would support Java in their Internet Explorer web browser, further solidifying Java's role in the World Wide Web

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