The lower bound algorithm returns the first location in the sequence that value


lower_bound


Header
<algorithm>

template<class ForwardIterator, class T> inline
ForwardIterator lower_bound(ForwardIterator first, ForwardIterator last, const T& value)

The lower_bound algorithm returns the first location in the sequence that value can be inserted such that the order of the sequence is maintained. lower_bound returns an iterator positioned at the location that value can be inserted in the range [first..last), or returns last if no such position exists. lower_bound assumes the range [first..last) is sorted using operator<.

template<class ForwardIterator, class T, class Compare> inline
ForwardIterator lower_bound(ForwardIterator first, ForwardIterator last, const T& value, Compare compare)

The lower_bound algorithm returns the first location in the sequence that value can be inserted such that the order of the sequence is maintained. lower_bound returns an iterator positioned at the location that value can be inserted in the range [first..last), or returns last if no such position exists. This version assumes the range [first..last) is sorted sequentially using the compare function.


Samples
Sample for Non-Predicate Version

// disable warning C4786: symbol greater than 255 character,
// okay to ignore this warning
#pragma warning(disable: 4786)

#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <functional>
#include <vector>

using namespace std;




void main()
{
    const int VECTOR_SIZE = 8 ;

    // Define a template class vector of int
    typedef vector<int > IntVector ;

    //Define an iterator for template class vector of strings
    typedef IntVector::iterator IntVectorIt ;

    IntVector Numbers(VECTOR_SIZE) ;

    IntVectorIt start, end, it, location ;

    // Initialize vector Numbers
    Numbers[0] = 4 ;
    Numbers[1] = 10;
    Numbers[2] = 10 ;
    Numbers[3] = 30 ;
    Numbers[4] = 69 ;
    Numbers[5] = 70 ;
    Numbers[6] = 96 ;
    Numbers[7] = 100;

    start = Numbers.begin() ;   // location of first
                                // element of Numbers

    end = Numbers.end() ;       // one past the location
                                // last element of Numbers

    // print content of Numbers
    cout << "Numbers { " ;
    for(it = start; it != end; it++)
        cout << *it << " " ;
    cout << " }\n" << endl ;

    // return the first location at which 10 can be inserted
    // in Numbers
    location = lower_bound(start, end, 10) ;

    cout << "First location element 10 can be inserted in Numbers is: "
        << location - start << endl ;
}

Program Output

Numbers { 4 10 10 30 69 70 96 100  }

First location element 10 can be inserted in Numbers is: 1

Sample for Predicate Version

// disable warning C4786: symbol greater than 255 character,
// okay to ignore this warning
#pragma warning(disable: 4786)

#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <functional>
#include <vector>

using namespace std;


void main()
{
    const int VECTOR_SIZE = 8 ;

    // Define a template class vector of int
    typedef vector<int > IntVector ;

    //Define an iterator for template class vector of strings
    typedef IntVector::iterator IntVectorIt ;

    IntVector Numbers(VECTOR_SIZE) ;

    IntVectorIt start, end, it, location ;

    // Initialize vector Numbers
    Numbers[0] = 4 ;
    Numbers[1] = 10;
    Numbers[2] = 70 ;
    Numbers[3] = 10 ;
    Numbers[4] = 30 ;
    Numbers[5] = 69 ;
    Numbers[6] = 96 ;
    Numbers[7] = 100;

    start = Numbers.begin() ;   // location of first
                                // element of Numbers

    end = Numbers.end() ;       // one past the location
                                // last element of Numbers

    //sort Numbers using the function object less<int>()
    //lower_bound assumes that Numbers is sorted
    //using the "compare" (less<int>() in this case)
    //function
    sort(start, end, less<int>()) ;

    // print content of Numbers
    cout << "Numbers { " ;
    for(it = start; it != end; it++)
        cout << *it << " " ;
    cout << " }\n" << endl ;

    // return the first location at which 10 can be inserted
    // in Numbers
    location = lower_bound(start, end, 10, less<int>()) ;

    cout << "First location element 10 can be inserted in Numbers is: "
        << location - start << endl ;
}

Program Output

Numbers { 4 10 10 30 69 70 96 100  }

First location element 10 can be inserted in Numbers is: 1

Designed By Blogger Templates | Templatelib & Distributed By Blogspot Templates